1. The Antikythera Mechanism
A complex ancient Greek geared mechanism that was used for astronomical calculations and predicting eclipses.
2. The Rosetta Stone
A decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC written in three scripts: hieroglyphics, demotic script, and ancient Greek.
3. The Dead Sea Scrolls
A collection of Jewish texts discovered between 1947 and 1956 in eleven caves near the Dead Sea.
4. The Terracotta Army
A collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China.
5. The Moai Statues
Large monolithic statues found on Easter Island, created by the Rapa Nui people.
6. The Voynich Manuscript
An illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown writing system, carbon-dated to the early 15th century.
7. The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica
Nearly perfect spheres made of granite and other igneous rocks, found in the Diquís Delta in Costa Rica.
8. The Piri Reis Map
A world map made by Ottoman admiral Piri Reis in 1513, which shows the coastlines of Europe, Africa, and South America.
9. The Shroud of Turin
A length of linen cloth bearing the image of a man who appears to have suffered physical trauma in a manner consistent with crucifixion.
10. The Baghdad Battery
A clay jar containing a copper cylinder and an iron rod, possibly used for electroplating or electrotherapy.