1. Mountain Gorilla
The mountain gorilla is one of the most iconic and endangered species in the world. Only a few hundred individuals remain in the wild, with a small population living in the Virunga Mountains that straddle Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda. Poaching, habitat loss, and disease are the main threats to their survival.
2. Black Rhinoceros
The black rhinoceros is critically endangered in Burundi, with only a handful of individuals remaining in the country. They are hunted for their horns, which are highly valued in traditional medicine and as a status symbol.
3. African Elephant
The African elephant is one of the largest land animals and a keystone species in Burundi's ecosystems. However, they are under threat from habitat loss, poaching for their ivory tusks, and human-wildlife conflict.
The chimpanzee is the closest living relative to humans and plays a vital role in Burundi's forest ecosystems. However, their populations are declining due to habitat loss, poaching, and disease.
5. African Wild Dog
The African wild dog is one of the most endangered carnivores in the world, with a population of fewer than 6,600 individuals. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.
6. Eastern Chimpanzee
The eastern chimpanzee is a subspecies of the chimpanzee found in Burundi and other countries in East Africa. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and disease.
7. Grevy's Zebra
Grevy's zebra is the largest species of zebra and is found in the grasslands of East Africa, including Burundi. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and competition with livestock.
The serval is a small wild cat found in Burundi's grasslands and savannas. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and the pet trade.
9. Golden Cat
The golden cat is a medium-sized wild cat found in the forests of Burundi and other countries in Central and East Africa. They are threatened by habitat loss and poaching.
10. African Forest Elephant
The African forest elephant is a smaller, more elusive subspecies of the African elephant found in Burundi's forests. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.