Video: Top 10 lesser-known Bulgarian inventions

Bulgaria has a rich history of innovation and invention that is often overlooked. Here are ten lesser-known Bulgarian inventions that have made a significant impact.

1. Biosensor technology

Biosensor technology

Developed by Bulgarian scientist Dr. Jordan Tanev, this technology can detect toxins and other harmful substances in the environment.

2. Airbag


The first airbag was developed by Bulgarian engineer John Hetrick in 1953.

3. Electronic digital computer

Electronic digital computer

The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences developed the first electronic digital computer in continental Europe in 1964.

4. Pulse oximeter

Pulse oximeter

This medical device, which measures oxygen levels in the blood, was invented by Bulgarian scientist Dr. Taro Mitev in the 1980s.

5. Electric car

Electric car

The first Bulgarian electric car, called the SEVER, was developed in the 1980s.

6. Kukeri


This traditional Bulgarian costume, worn during the Kukeri festival, is made of animal fur and is said to have protective powers.

7. Cyrillic script

Cyrillic script

The Cyrillic script, used in many Slavic languages including Bulgarian, was developed by the brothers Cyril and Methodius in the 9th century.

8. Bagpipes


The Bulgarian bagpipes, or gaida, have a distinct sound and are used in traditional music.

9. Yoghurt


Bulgarian yoghurt is known for its thick, creamy texture and unique taste. It is made using a specific strain of bacteria, which was discovered by Bulgarian scientist Stamen Grigorov in 1905.

10. Rose oil

Rose oil

Bulgaria is one of the largest producers of rose oil in the world. The oil is used in perfumes, cosmetics, and traditional medicine.