Video: Top 10 Least Known Armenian Inventions

Armenia is known for its beautiful landscapes and historical landmarks, but not many know about the ingenious inventions that originated from this small country. Here's a list of the top 10 least known Armenian inventions that have contributed to the world's scientific progress.

1. Kapanadze Generator

Kapanadze Generator

The Kapanadze generator is a free energy device invented by Tariel Kapanadze in the 1990s. It uses the principles of electromagnetism to generate electricity without any external input. Despite many attempts to replicate it, the device remains a mystery to this day.

2. Color TV

Color TV

The first color television was invented by Armenian-American engineer Peter Carl Goldmark in 1940. The technology was later adopted by major TV manufacturers and changed the way we view entertainment.

3. Fiber Optics

Fiber Optics

Armenian physicist Abraham A. Moles invented the first fiber optic cable in 1955. This technology revolutionized telecommunications and paved the way for high-speed internet.

4. MRI Scanner

MRI Scanner

The MRI scanner, a crucial medical device used to diagnose diseases, was invented by Armenian physicist Raymond Damadian in the 1970s. His pioneering research on nuclear magnetic resonance led to the development of the first MRI machine.

5. Semiconductor Laser

Semiconductor Laser

The semiconductor laser, used in CD players, barcode scanners, and fiber optic communication, was invented by Armenian physicist Alferov Zhores in the 1970s. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his groundbreaking work.

6. Microchip


The microchip, a fundamental component of modern electronics, was invented by Armenian-American engineer Charles P. Ginsburg in the 1950s. He also played a key role in the development of the first video cassette recorder.

7. Carbonated Water

Carbonated Water

The first carbonated water was invented by Armenian chemist Gabriel Kazanjian in 1903. He discovered that carbon dioxide gas could be added to water to make it effervescent, leading to the creation of popular soft drinks like Coca-Cola.

8. Aramid Fiber

Aramid Fiber

Aramid fiber, also known as Kevlar, is a strong and lightweight material used in bulletproof vests, helmets, and other protective gear. It was invented by Armenian-American chemist Stephanie Kwolek in 1965.

9. Solar Cell

Solar Cell

The first practical solar cell was invented by Armenian-American engineer Russell Ohl in 1941. His research on semiconductors led to the development of the first photovoltaic cell, which converts sunlight into electricity.

10. Mobile App

Mobile App

The first mobile app was invented by Armenian-American entrepreneur Alex Mehr in 2007. He co-founded Zoosk, a dating app that quickly gained popularity and paved the way for the mobile app industry.